From anecdotal evidence, mob justice happens in Nigeria more often than we could possibly imagine. In the past, it was reported verbally, however, as more people own mobile phones, we'll see more videos and pictures.
On October 5th, 4 young men were killed in Aluu in Rivers State. It was recorded so we watched them being beaten and burnt to death. One policeman encouraged the act and left the scene; another stayed and 'tried' to discourage the mob. While at least 10 people have been arrested including the village chief, most people have no faith that justice will prevail. That's why we have mob justice in the first place.
In the last month, there has been a lot of discussion around the need for a specific law that prohibits mob justice. Okechukwu Ofili states the case for the bill here.
Rotimi Fawole provides a contrary opinion in his piece "My disagreement with the 'Mob Justice Bill'"
A coalition of 70+ organisations have been working for over 10 years to get a Violence Against Persons Prohibition Bill (VAPP) passed to add to the body of law, highlighting specific offenses. It's now going through the National Assembly for the 3rd time.
While specific laws are used around the world to draw attention to particular issues, Nigeria's primary problem is not for lack of laws but the political will and enabling environment to enforce them. As such, we think efforts should be directed at supporting initiatives working on police and judicial reform. A starting point would be advocating for the implementation of the recommendations from the CSO Panel on Police Reform.