1. A Concise History
Pre-Republic Duration 3 years (1960 -1963)
System English Act of Settlement (1701)
No. of Political Parties 3
Event The Federation of Nigeria existed under British monarchy and preceded modern-day Nigeria. This was a form of partial independence that lasted until 1963. Beforehand, 3 political parties ran in the preparatory elections of 1959. Each party respectively had control of the northern, western and eastern regions; hence no party won a majority in the elections. As a result, two parties (NPC and NCNC) combined to form a government with Tafawa Balewa as the Prime Minister and Nnamdi Azikiwe functioning as the President.
1st Republic Duration 3 years(1963 – 1966)
System Westminster system
No. of Political Parties 3
Event The Incumbent, Tafawa Balewa was assassinated in a military coup, hence had no chance for re-election.
2nd Republic Duration 4 years (1979 – 1983)
System American Presidential system
No. of Political Parties 5
Event Military Head of State, Olusegun Obasanjo initiated a transition process to terminate military rule. Shehu Shagari of National Party of Nigeria (NPN) contested and won the election. He was re-elected in 1983 but the election results were alleged controversial. Responsively, Muhammadu Buhari led a rebellion to overthrow the republic.
3rd Republic Duration 3 months(Aug. – Nov. 1993)
System American Presidential system
No. of Political Parties 2
Event Election winner, M.K.O. Abiola was not sworn-in. However, head of the military regime’s transition team, Ernest Shonekan became president, functioning as the Head of the Interim National Government. Consequently, power was quietly seized from the Interim President (Ernest Shonekan) by Minister of Defence, Sani Abacha.
4th Republic Duration 1999 –
System American Presidential System
No. of Political Parties 3 in 1999, 20 in 2003 (including ANPP and APGA), 18 in 2007 (including ACN, ANPP and APGA), 21 in 2011 and 14 in 2015
1999 Olusegun Obasanjo of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) emerged winner in the 1999 polls against Olu Falae of a joint opposition (ANPP and AD).
2003 Obasanjo, under PDP, eventually recontested, won and served a second term till 2007.
2007 Umaru Musa Yaradua (PDP) overcame opposition from Muhammadu Buhari (ANPP) and Atiku Abubakar (ACN) to succeed Obasanjo in 2007. He died in 2010 and was succeeded by the Vice President, Goodluck Jonathan.
2011 Goodluck Jonathan (PDP) contested in 2011 and won against the likes of Muhammadu Buhari (CPC) and Nuhu Ribadu (ACN, formerly AD) and others.
2015 In 2013, CPC, ACN, ANPP and a faction of APGA merged to form a greater opposition party, the APC. The election initially billed for February 14, Valentine’s Day, was rescheduled to March 28. In a tightly contested poll, Muhammadu Buhari won against the incumbent president, Goodluck Jonathan.

 

 

  1. Top Candidates
Goodluck Ebele Jonathan (GCFR) PARTY Peoples Democratic Party
BIO He is a former Deputy Governor and Governor of Bayelsa State, who ran alongside Umaru Yar’Adua to win the 2007 presidential elections. He assumed the interim presidency in 2010 following the death of Umaru Yar’Adua. Afterwards, he contested and won the election in 2011. If he remains in office till May 29, 2015, he will become the 3rd Nigerian president to complete a full term in office. Declaration Date: November 11, 2014
QUOTE “Nigeria is destined for greatness. Today, here at Eagle Square, I say to Nigeria, that working together in love, in strength and in faith, we will build a nation of one people, united in purpose and in action.”
Muhammadu Buhari (GCFR) PARTY All Progressives Congress
BIO In December 1983, he led a rebellion that overthrew the 2nd Republic-led Shehu Shagari (cited charges of corruption and administrative incompetence). Buhari was later peacefully overthrown by the SMC’s third-ranking member General Ibrahim Babangida in August 1985 (cited the misuse of power, callousness, overzealousness, violations of human rights by key officers of the SMC, and the government’s failure to deal with the country’s deepening economic crisis).He has contested in all 3 presidential elections since 2003, acquiring: 32%, 19% and 32% of nationwide votes in 2003, 2007 and 2011 respectively; and placing 2nd to PDP candidates on all occasions. He however needs to go past challengers in the APC to get 4th successive attempt to challenge a PDP presidential candidate. Declaration Date: October 15, 2014
QUOTE “The choice before us is never this clearer; either we unite together to pull Nigeria back from this precipice or we stay divided and watch the PDP perfects its betrayal of our collective destiny and incur the eternal wrath of generations to come.”

 

 

 

 

  1. Election Results
S/N NAME OF CANDIDATE PARTY VOTES
1 JCI SEN. TUNDE ANIFOWOSE-KELANI AA 22,125
2 ALH. GANIYU O. GALADIMA ACPN 40,311
3 RAFIU SALAU AD 30,673
4 DR. MANI IBRAHIM AHMAD ADC 29,655
5 AYENI MUSA ADEBAYO APA 53,537
6 MUHAMMADU BUHARI APC 15,424,921
7 CHIEF SAM EKE CPP 36,300
8 HIGH CHIEF AMBROSE N. ALBERT OWURU HOPE 7,435
9 COMFORT OLUREMI SONAIYA KOWA 13,076
10 CHIEF MARTIN ONOVO NCP 24,455
11 GOODLUCK EBELE JONATHAN PDP 12,853,162
12 ALLAGOA KELVIN CHINEDU PPN 24,475
13 GODSON MGBODILE OHAENYEM OKOYE UDP 9,208
14 CHIEF (DR.) CHEKWAS OKORIE UPP 18,220

 

Total Number of Registered Voters 67,422,005
Total Number of Accredited Voters 31,746,490
Total Number of Votes Cast 29,432,083
Total Number of Rejected Votes 844,519
Total Number of Valid Votes 28,587,564